Purple corn or in Spanish known as maiz morado is one type of corn varieties are still popular, especially in Canada.
Purple corn cultivated in South America, especially in the Andes. Purple corn seed has been used by local residents as dyes as well as drinks.
The purple color found in purple corn due to the high content of anthocyanin, in particular the type Chrysanthemin (cyanidan 3-O.glucoside), pelargonidin 3-O-B-D-glucoside). Anthocyanins derived from the Greek, meaning anthos flowers while Kyanos means blue.
Anthocyanins are set seed color such as purple, violet, and red which are contained in vegetables and fruits.
Anthocyanins act as antioxidants in the body to prevent the occurrence of atherosclerosis, a disease of blood vessel blockage. Anthocyanins inhibit atherogenesis by oxidizing the bad fats in the body, namely low density lipoprotein Then antosinin also protect the integrity of the endothelial cells lining the blood vessel walls so that no damage occurs.
In addition, anthocyanins also relax blood vessels to prevent atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular diseases. Positive benefits of anthocyanins to human health is to protect the stomach from damage, inhibits tumor cell, improve eyesight, as well as serve as an anti-inflammatory compounds that protect the brain from damage.
Some studies also mentioned that the compound can prevent obesity and diabetes increase the memory capacity of the brain and preventing neurological diseases, as well as counteracting free radicals in the body.
Canadian Agra preparing a purple corn that can be used for food diversification. Purple corn strains both local and introduced strains tested were crossed and adaptation to suit the environmental conditions.